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Different Types of Cancers

The abnormal growth of cells leading to destruction of cells is cancer. There are many types of cancer that are accelerated from several factors. Some of the factors or causes to cancer include; chemicals, viruses, radiation among others. Colon cancer is among the most common types of cancer in which its located in the large intestine. Adenomatous polyps are small, benign clumps of cells that result to colon cancer overtime. Weakness or fatigue, unexplained weight loss, continuous abdominal discomfort, change in bowel habits that lasts more than four weeks are some of the symptoms of colon cancer. There is no definite cause attached to what causes colon cancer.

A small number of people is associated to having colon cancer due to the increased chances of inherited gene mutation. Another risk factor that has been viewed as a cause is the typical western diet which entails of high fat and low fiber. Breast cancer is the other type of cancer that is widely recognized. The month of October is recognized as the month of breast cancer awareness. In order to have breast cancer the cancer cells are found in the tubes that carry milk from the glands to the nipple.

Glands that make milk can also harbor cancer cells that result to breast cancer. There are various symptoms as to which breast cancer can be determined.

Those symptoms include; change in size or shape of the breast, discharge from the nipple, lump in the armpit, bloody discharge from the nipple and nipple change and occur during the earlier stages of breast cancer. As a symptom of breast cancer is change of the nipple in which it starts pointing inward. Nausea, bone pain, weight loss, muscle weakness, jaundice, double vision, headache among others are some of the symptoms experienced in the latter stages of breast cancer. Just like colon cancer there is no defined origin of breast cancer but it has been related to lifestyle, environmental factors and hormonal factors. As there is no defined source of breast cancer, factors such as lifestyle, environmental factors and hormonal only increase the chance of getting breast cancer.

A common type of cancer is skin cancer which could be defined as a locally destructive malignant growth of the skin. In order for skin cancer to manifest itself then stemming of cells occurs that line up along the membrane where the superficial layer skin separates from the deeper layers. There are various risk factors that result to skin cancer such as ultraviolet light exposure, suppressed immune system and exposure to chemicals.

The risk of cancer is increased by being exposed to chemicals such as ionizing radiations, arsenic, lead among others while use of tanning beds or being exposed to the sun for too long is grouped as ultraviolet exposure another risk factor. The signs and symptoms of skin cancer include; shiny pink, red, pearly bumps, raised growth with a rough surface, open sores that won’t go away and white waxy area that is poorly outlined resembling a scar.

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